27 Jun Find out what the seizures look like, how it’s diagnosed and treated, and the outlook for people with this rare epilepsy with a progressive loss of. Este síndrome podría estar significativamente subdiagnosticado, si se consideran sus características, muy variables, que incluyen trastornos de atención, del. Landau–Kleffner syndrome (LKS)—also called infantile acquired aphasia, acquired epileptic aphasia or aphasia with convulsive disorder—is a rare childhood.
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Short-term remissions are not uncommon in LKS but they create difficulties in evaluating a patient’s response to various therapeutic modalities.
Many factors inhibit the reliability of sinrdome EEG data: Bilateral volume reduction of the superior temporal areas in Landau-Kleffner syndrome. Benign localized and generalized epilepsies of early childhood. El sindrome de Landau-Kleffner.
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Sin embargo, hasta donde sabemos, no hay un precedente sobre su utilidad en pacientes con SLK. Speech and language impairmentcommunication disorder Expressive language disorder Infantile speech Landau—Kleffner syndrome Language disorder Lisp Mixed receptive-expressive language disorder Specific language impairment Speech and language impairment Speech disorder Speech error Speech sound disorder Stammering Tip of the tongue.
Pulse methylprednisolone therapy in Landau-Kleffner syndrome. Acta Neuropediatr Miami ;1: Occasionally, the condition may be induced secondary to other diagnoses such as low-grade brain tumors, closed-head injury, neurocysticercosisand demyelinating disease.
Autism associated with Williams syndrome. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. The Duran et al. Treatment for LKS usually consists of medications, such as anticonvulsants  and corticosteroids  such as prednisone and speech therapywhich should be started early. He has not had seizures for a year.
The following table demonstrate the Long-Term Follow-up of Acquired Epileptic Aphasia across many different instrumental studies:. Use of calcium antagonists has also been proposed as possible treatment. Tratamiento de la epilepsia rebelde con nicardipina. Brain Dev ; Embarazo y parto normales. Double-blind placebo-controlled trial of flunarizine as add-on therapy in refractory childhood epilepsy. Instead, there are reports that indicate that treatment with high-dose corticosteroids during early stages of the disease improves the speech difficulties.
Anticonvulsants Electroencephalography diagnosis method Epileptologist. Acquired aphasia in children. Acquired epileptiform aphasia in children Landau-Kleffner syndrome. Treatment with subpial intracortical transection. Treatment of seizure disorders and EEG abnormalities in children with autism spectrum disorders. O paciente recebeu alta para acompanhamento ambulatorial, com melhora relativa do quadro comportamental e da linguagem.
Perisylvian polymicrogyria in Landau-Kleffner syndrome. Epilepsy and driving Epilepsy and employment. Continuous spikes and waves during slow sleep electrical status epilepticus. Desi Pozo Alonso 6. Dyslexia and related specific developmental disorders F80—F83 Globally, more than cases of klegfner epileptic aphasia have been described in the literature. Teaching them sign language is a helpful means of communication and if the child was able to read and write before the onset of LKS, that is extremely helpful too.
This page was last edited on 5 Marchat Dev Med Child Neurol ; Both patients had a favorable response to prednisone from the clinical and electroencephalographic point of view. The epileptic seizures in the other child started when he was 2 years and 6 months old and were focalsimple, motor and secondarily generalized. Use of flunarizine in a case of Landau-Kleffner syndrome.
Typically, children with LKS develop normally, but then lose their language skills. Am J Neuroradiol ; Effect of early corticos-teroid therapy for Landau-Kleffner syndrome.
Landau-Kleffner and autistic regression: the importance of differential diagnosis
In LKS, fluorodeoxyglucose FDG and positron emission tomography PET scanning can show decreased metabolism in one or both temporal lobes – hypermetabolism has been seen in patients with acquired epileptic aphasia. Out of the seven patients, one reported a normal quality of life while the other six reported aphasia to be a substantial struggle.
Successful use of intravenous immunoglobulin as initial monotherapy in Landau-Kleffner syndrome.